Gingivitis and periodontitis belong to the category of periodontal diseases and affect the tissues that support the teeth.
In the early stages, the symptoms are subtle and most people do not notice gum inflammation and bleeding. In reality, it is a serious condition that can lead to tooth loss!
Periodontal disease is one of the most common diseases and besides the health of the mouth, it can also affect our general health.
What causes gingivitis and periodontitis?
Periodontal diseases are caused by dental plaque: a sticky colorless deposit, that forms on the surface of the teeth and consists of oral bacteria.
The dental plaque consists of 200-300 different types of microbes, which are constantly multiplying and penetrating deeper into the gums. Periodontal microbes produce toxins – poisons, which cannot be neutralized by our body, leading to the infection of the gums and the loss of bone around the teeth.
How often does periodontal disease occur?
Recent statistics have shown that periodontal disease can affect all ages – even 3-year-old children! 50% of the people will experience some early signs of periodontal infection until their 18th birthday, while 75% of people are infected with periodontitis by the age of 35
Smokers have a significantly higher risk of contracting gingivitis and periodontitis while genetic research has shown that 30% of the population is in the high risk group for periodontal disease as soon as they are born.
Is gingivitis and periodontitis contagious?
Studies have shown that periodontal microbes can be transmitted between adults, family members, or even parents in children. This is especially true when all individuals have particular susceptibility to periodontal disease. However, gingivitis and periodontitis are not transmitted by sharing cutlery or toothbrush.
In case that both spouses have some form of periodontitis and only one is treated, then the person who has not undergone periodontal therapy can infect again the treated person with periodontal bacteria.
Gingivitis and periodontitis are called “the silent threat of teeth.” When you notice the first sign of bleeding and inflammation, do not ignore it!
Diagnose and treat periodontal disease before it’s too late! Today we have the specialized means and knowledge. Do not allow periodontal disease to take away your beautiful smile!!
Healthy gums for a better life!