The dental cyst is perhaps the most common problem that lead people to the dentist for an emergency treatment, as it can suddenly and unexpectedly cause intense pain and inflammation in the jaw area.
A dental cyst develops very slowly without causing any pain or giving other symptoms. It is only noticed when it becomes large or when it is contaminated and causes inflammation and pain.
A dental cyst is almost impossible to detect with a superficial examination. An x-ray or MRI may be required to identify a cyst. The growth in the area should be easy to spot. The cyst should be found as soon as possible so it will be easier for you to keep the cyst fixed up properly and without a risk of further harm.
What is a Dental Cyst?
A dental cyst is a pathological cavity that contains fluid, cells and other organic substances and is surrounded by a durable wall.
A dental cyst usually develops at the tip of a tooth, in the region of the apex, due to inflammation of the nerve (1)
In other cases, a cyst may appear around a tooth that has had a root canal treatment, but the bacteria have not been completely removed (2).
The unpleasant thing is that a dental cyst will increase in size over time and can cause gradual destruction of the bone and the adjacent teeth (3) or affect more sensitive tissues such as the mandibular nerve (4) (marked with the yellow line). This is the reason why a dental cyst should be removed as soon as possible.
Dental cyst and Reconstruction
Once a dental cyst is discovered, the cyst itself and the associated tooth should be removed. This means that in this area we will have a significant hard tissue deficiency that can also cause an aesthetic problem. Thanks to modern regenerative techniques, not only can we remove a dental cyst, but restore the area functionally and aesthetically.
Using digital imaging methods, we can now assess the size of the cyst and the extent of the damage before we even start treatment (1, 2)
After removing the cyst, we can regenerate the lost bone (3) using the guided bone regeneration or the bone augmentation techniques, and then restore the missing tooth with an implant.
The good news is that we can prevent a dental cyst!
By going regularly to the dentist we can prevent the caries, inflammation, and the formation of a cyst.
If you have a toothache, do not ignore it – go to the dentist, do the root canal therapy immediately and prevent complications associated with a dental cyst!
Dental Cyst – the silent threat to your oral health!