In this section you  will find answers on the most common questions we hear every day. If you have any other question, please send it to us through the contact form .We will be more than happy to respond!

Which Toothbrush is really better – Manual or Electric?

With all the bells and whistles and hundreds of toothbrushes on the market, you’ve got to wonder, which is really the best toothbrush to buy — manual or electric? According to the Academy o fGeneral Dentistry, the best toothbrush that you can buy is the one that you will actually use. That’s it. Yes, it’s really that simple. While both electric and manual toothbrushes have some pros and cons, the bottom line is which one you will use. The American Dental Association recommends brushing your teeth at least twice a day for two minutes. If you’re not sure which type of toothbrush you would use the most, I have provided some pros and cons of both:

Manual Toothbrush:

Pros   inexpensive

Most have an easy grip handle

Some come with a tongue scraper

Easy to travel with


Cons No built in timer to tell you when two minutes are up

Can be difficult to some people to hold onto firmly

Electric Toothbrushes


Most have larger ergonomic handles

Some have built in timers that let you know when you have brushed for  a full two minutes

The feel and buzzing of an electric tooth brush feels good to a lot of  people.

Some electric toothbrushes dispense toothpaste


Some electric toothbrushes can be quite expensive

Most electric toothbrushes require charging or battery replacement

Since everyone is different, I think it’s really good to have a variety of dental products to choose from.

Deciding whether to buy an electric or manual toothbrush basically comes down to what the user desires as far as comfort and convenience go. Whatever toothbrush that you decide to buy, remember that using it is what’s really important.


What Causes Decay?

Decay occurs when plaque, the sticky substance that forms on teeth, combines with the sugars and / or starches of the foods that we eat. This combination produces acids that attack tooth enamel. The best way to prevent tooth decay is by brushing twice a day and flossing daily. Eating healthy foods and avoiding snacks and drinks that are high in sugar (sweets, candies, chocolates, soft drinks) are also ways to prevent decay.

How Often Should I See the Dentist for a Check Up and Cleaning?

Most children and adults should see their dentist for a regular cleaning and check up every six months. People at a greater risk for oral diseases should have dental check ups more than twice a year. Tobacco and alcohol use, diabetes, pregnancy, periodontal and gum disease, poor oral hygiene and certain medical conditions are some of the many factors that your dentist takes into consideration when deciding how often you need your dental cleaning and check up.

Going to your regular check ups will help to keep your gums and teeth healthy as well as detect any early problems such as gum disease, oral cancer and cavities The best way to maintain good oral health is to visit your dentist on a regular basis.

How Often Should I Change My Toothbrush?

We advise our patients, adults as well as children, to change their tooth brush every 3 months, because they become worn out and are not as effective as they were in the beginning. Exceptions to this would be if you were using an electric toothbrush, and the manufacturer states otherwise. Some electric rechargeable toothbrushes have very good brush heads that only need to be changed every 6 months. If you have gum disease, you should change your toothbrush every 4 – 6 weeks because bacteria can harbor in the bristles. You should always rinse your toothbrush out with hot water after every use and change it after you have been sick.

Could my periodontal disease be genetic?

Research proves that up to 30% of the population may be genetically susceptible to gum disease. Despite aggressive oral care habits, these people may be six times more likely to develop periodontal disease. Identifying these people with a genetic test before they even show signs of the disease and getting them into early interventive treatment may help them keep their teeth for a lifetime.

Can I pass my periodontal disease to others?

Periodontal disease may be passed from parents to children and between couples, according to an article in the September 1997 issue of the Journal of the American Dental Association. Researchers suggest that bacteria causing periodontal disease are passed though saliva. This means that when a family or couple come into contact with each other’s saliva, they’re at risk for contracting the periodontal disease of another family member. Based on this research, the American Academy of Periodontology recognizes that treatment of gum disease may involve entire families. If one family member has periodontal disease, the AAP recommends that all family members see a dental professional for a periodontal disease screening.

What are the advantages of dental implants?

Dental implants look and feel like your own teeth. They can help prevent the bone loss and gum recession that often accompany bridgework or dentures. In addition, they don’t sacrifice the quality of your adjacent teeth like a bridge because neighboring teeth are not altered to support the implant. Implants are secure and offer freedom from the clicks and wobbles of dentures. The success rate of implants is highly predictable.

What causes the discoloration of a tooth?

Tooth discoloration is a normal part of aging. As people age, enamel wears down, and teeth take on a duller appearance. Teeth can also become discolored from smoking and heavy consumption of coffee or tea. Other causes of tooth discoloration include side effects of medications (specifically certain antibiotics) used during the developmental phase of the teeth, an individual’s genetic makeup, and excessive fluoride consumption (fluorosis, seen in both children and adults). Teeth whitening and veneers offer a cosmetic dentistry solution for people with discolored or dull-looking teeth..

Are any side effects associated with dental bleaching?

Dentists take protective measures to prevent discomfort during teeth whitening procedures. Typically, a protective gel or rubber shield is used to prevent bleaching agents from damaging gum tissue. The most common bleaching agents used by dentists are approved for use by the American Dental Association, ensuring safety and effectiveness. After the whitening procedure, you may experience minimal tooth sensitivity for a short period of time.

Does stress contribute to the development of periodontal disease?

Recent research indicates that psychological factors, such as stress, depression, sense of abd mood or loneliness are associated with increased appearance of periodontal disease. Researchers believe, that the increase of the hormone cortisol, which usually occurs in stress situations can play a role in the increased destruction of periodontal tissues. Patients with psychological problems are more likely to have habits, which adversely affect the periodontal health, such as smoking, excessive alcohol intake, or drug consumption.

Is there any association between periodontitis and heart disease?

According to the American Academy of Periodontology, there is a probable connection between periodontitis and heart disease, myocardial infarct, stroke etc. while treatment of periodontal disease may lead to improved function of the blood vessels.

Children & Oral Health

A lot of people think that periodontal disease is encountered only in adults.  However research has shown that gum disease – gingivitis- (many times a forerunner of periodontitis) is encountered very often in children and teenagers.

Types of juvenile periodontal diseases

Chronic gingivitis is common in children.  It usually causes swelling, redness and bleeding of the gums. Gum disease is curable and can be prevented. Therapy includes proper tooth brushing, cleaning between the teeth (dental floss) and check ups by the dentist. If not treated, it may evolve to more advanced types of periodontal disease, such as chronic periodontitis. Aggressive periodontitis (previously called juvenile periodontitis) may affect young persons, who in general are healthy individuals. Localized aggressive periodontitis affects teenagers. This disease affects specific teeth (usually molars and incisors) and is caused by a specific type of bacteria. Typical sign is bone loss around the affected teeth, while these patients do not have high amount bacteria in their mouth. Generalized aggressive periodontitis may start before adolescence and affects all teeth. Typical signs are gum bleeding and large accumulation of bacterial plaque and calculus on the teeth. It may even cause tooth mobility due infection induced bone loss.

How does pregnancy affect gums and teeth?

Many women have the so called pregnancy – gingivitis. This situation can be annoying, as the clinical picture includes gum swelling, severe redness of the tissues inside the mouth and bleeding. Also many times small benign tumors appear on the gums, which are called “pregnancy – epulis”. If pregnancy – gingivitis gets out of control, it may evolve to a more disastrous condition called chronic periodontitis, which causes irreversible damage on the support structures of the teeth. It is also possible that the inflammation established in the mouth, may affect the health of the fetus. Let us not forget that the periodontal problems that may become more serious during pregnancy, can lead to acute situations (abscesses, e.t.c.) and may require antibiotic therapy, something we try to avoid during pregnancy.

I am 23 years old, non-smoker, and I wish to have a bright smile, like the ones I see on the TV. Are porcelain veneers a good option for me?

For young individuals who have good enamel quality and no fillings, we recommend dental bleaching. It is the most natural and painless way to brighten the color of the teeth. Porcelain veneers are best for individuals who have old composite veneers, that are discolored or chipped and don’t look aesthetic any more. Porcelain veneers are also indicated when there are older, discolored fillings on the front teeth, or when the teeth are heavily discolored from chronic coffee and tobacco consumption. These are the cases where porcelain veneers bring truly impressive results. The natural teeth adopt a youthful shape and bright color once their front surface is covered with a special ceramic material, which is very resistant to changes over time